There are many wood species available pending your location, needs, function, etc. Below are the main characteristics of a number of wood species. Information collected from many different collections compiled below to give you a better understanding of wood species and what will work pending your exact situation. Beware of the characteristics of each when mixing together as well. This will highly affect the end result of your finished space.
Uses: principle use in furniture, interior parts of upholstered furniture, kitchen cabinets and architect trim and cabinetry.
Straight grained, stiff, strong and hard. Has good bending properties, high shock resistance and wears smooth.
Yellow birch is one of the principal furniture woods in the US. Good machining and finishing properties, hardness and attractive color. Sweet birch lumber and veneer are used in furniture. Both species are used in kitchen cabinets, architectural trim and paneling.
Heavy, hard and strong, good shock resistance.
Popular wood for furniture, cabinetry, architectural wood work and flooring
Heavy, strong, stiff and hard. Ranks high in nail holding ability and shock resistance
Markedly resistant to abrasive wear. Takes stain satisfactorily and is capable of high polish
Both red and white oak are used extensively for furniture and flooring
Most popular wood for kitchen cabinets and widely used in architectural trim, paneling and cabinetry
Hard, stiff, strong and shock resistant. Above average in all machining properties except shaping
Main use of pecan and hickory is in furniture, both in form of lumber and veneer also found in kitchen cabinets, architectural trim and paneling.
Strong, still, very hard, heavy and wry high in shock resistance
Difficult to work with machines. Hickory can be glued satisfactorily but requires close control of gluing conditions
Recent increase in value of red alder and use in furniture
Nonstructural lumber is major use
Most of the lumber used in production of furniture, kitchen cabinets and pallets
Moderately light and soft, its physical and mechanical properties are comparable to other species such as aspen and butternut
Rated low in shock resistance
Uniform texture, excellent for turning and polishing. Takes flue, paint and stain well
Reddish brown color of mahogany heartwood is popular for furniture, cabinets, architectural woodwork and decorative veneers
Easy to work with hand and machine tools, easy to finish and takes polish excellent. Slices and rotary cuts into find veneer.
Used in furniture, cabinets, paneling and fixtures requiring high resistance to acids.
Easily worked with both hand and machine tools and dresses to a smooth finish
Very easy to work with and most varieties are relatively soft, lends itself to carving
Straight, pronounced grain, and reddish brown tint
Most often used for building, inexpensive and can be used for furniture making too
Not most interesting grain pattern and doesn’t take stain very well. Best used when painting. Moderately strong and hard for a softwood
Reddish color to it, relatively soft
Straight grain and slightly aromatic smell